Once you are familiar with the concept of Aperture and are comfortable with its settings, you can explore and experiment with the Shutter Speed of the camera.
How fast the shutter opens and closes can be controlled using the Shutter Speed of the camera. Using the shutter speed, you can control the amount of time for how long the shutter remains open which will determine the time for which the sensor is exposed to light. The more the shutter speed, the sensor will be exposed to light for a shorter time, thus producing a sharper image. Higher shutter speed gives the sensor less time to be exposed to light and results in a lower exposure.
Shutter Speed can be measured in fractions of second like 1/250s which means that the sensor of the camera will be exposed to light for only 250th part of a second. If you want to capture a freeze frame which needs sharpness, then you should use faster shutter speed. For example, in cases where the elements in your frame are in constant motion, with the help of faster shutter speed, you can still capture a sharp image if the shutter speed of your camera is fast enough. You can even produce many type of creative shots using different shutter speeds. Slower shutter speed will help you create motion blurs that might give an edge to your image.
Now, let’s talk about how the aperture settings affects the shutter speed settings. In case of wide aperture, you are letting more amount of light into the sensor so, you should try controlling the amount of light using the shutter speed and keep the setting to higher end. And if your aperture is smaller, the shutter speed should be slower so that enough light can enter the sensor.
One more thing that you need to keep in mind in case of using slower shutter speed, tripod. For slower shutter speed setting, you need to keep the camera stable to get that perfect shot otherwise, unwanted elements in your frame will become blurred and ruin your efforts.
Happy Clicking! 🙂
~ Sulekha Sonal